Bankers from Amsterdam led by the financier and army contractor of Cromwell’s New Model Army, Fernandez Carvajal, and assisted by Portuguese Ambassador De Souza, a Marano, saw an opportunity to exploit in the civil unrest led by Oliver Cromwell in 1643.

A stable Christian society of ancient traditions binding the Monarchy, Church, State, nobles and people into one solemn bond was disrupted by Calvin’s Protestant uprising.

The Jews of Amsterdam exploited this civil unrest and made their move, and contacted Cromwell in a series of letters:

Cromwell To Ebenezer Pratt of the Mulheim Synagogue in Amsterdam,
16th June 1647:

“In return for financial support will advocate admission of Jews to England: This however impossible while Charles living. Charles cannot be executed without trial, adequate grounds for which do not at present exist. Therefore advise that Charles be assassinated, but will have nothing to do with arrangements for procuring an assassin, though willing to help in his escape.”

To Oliver Cromwell From Ebenezer Pratt, 12th July 1647:

“Will grant financial aid as soon as Charles removed and Jews admitted. Assassination too dangerous. Charles shall be given opportunity to escape: His recapture will make trial and execution possible. The support will be liberal, but useless to discuss terms until trial commences.”

Cromwell had carried out the orders of the financiers, and beheaded King Charles I on January 30th 1649.

Beginning in 1655, Cromwell, through his alliance with the bankers of Amsterdam and specifically with Manasseh Ben Israel and his brother-in-law, David Abravanel Dormido, initiated the resettlement of the Jews in England.

William Stadholder, a Dutch army careerist, was a handsome chap with money problems. The Jews saw another opportunity and through their influence arranged for William’s elevation to Captain General of the Dutch Forces.

The next step up the ladder for William was his elevation to the aristocratic title of William, Prince of Orange.

A meeting was then arranged between William and Mary, the eldest daughter of the Duke of York.

The Duke was only one place removed from becoming King of England.

In 1677 Princess Mary of England married William Prince of Orange.

To place William upon the throne of England it was necessary to get rid of both Charles II and the Duke of York, who was set to become James II of the Stuarts.

It is important to note that none of the Stuarts would grant charter for an English national bank.

That is why murder, civil war, and religious conflicts plagued their reigns, all were all instigated by financiers.

In 1685, King Charles II died and the Duke of York became King James II of England.

In 1688 the financiers ordered William Prince of Orange to land in England at Torbay. Because of an ongoing Campaign of L’Infamie against King James II contrived by the Jews, he abdicated and fled to France. William of Orange and Mary were proclaimed King and Queen of England.

The new King William III soon got England involved in costly wars against Catholic France which put England deep into debt. Here was the bankers’ chance to collect. So King William, under orders from the Elders of Zion in Amsterdam, persuaded the British Treasury to borrow 1.25 million pounds sterling from the bankers who had helped him to the throne.

Since the state’s debts had risen dramatically, the government had no choice but to accept. But there were conditions attached: The names of the lenders were to be kept secret and that they be granted a Charter to establish a Central Bank of England. Parliament accepted and the bankers sunk their tentacles into Great Britain.

Which gave birth to the Bank of England.