I have never been a fan of Psychology, I feel it comes a poor second to Psychiatry in the scale of fake Sciences..
The following account may go some way towards explaining why I feel this way about this particularly disturbing ‘discipline.’
The 1939 Psychological experiment conducted in Davenport, Iowa on a group of kids at an orphanage that infamously came to be known as the ‘Monster Study’, wasn’t even conducted by a psychologist.
Dr. Wendell Johnson was a speech pathologist who wanted to get to the bottom of the underlying cause of stuttering.
Johnson didn’t subscribe to the belief that stuttering was an inborn (and thus uncorrectable) trait.
An admirable thought you may agree, somebody trying to help perhaps?
Johnson had managed to ‘requisition’ 22 orphans and split them into two groups, stutterers and non stutterers.
Not all of the kids (only half) in the stuttering group actually had true stutters.
The non stutterers received praise for their normal speech patterns, while the stuttering group received negative reinforcement, and were ridiculed and humiliated for their transgressions.
They were constantly put on edge through reminders to avoid stuttering.
The kids who didn’t have stutters in the stuttering group almost certainly did by the time the experiment was concluded.
Three of the five kids who’d actually had stutters were worse than before.
Having established that a negative focus on stuttering makes the condition worse, and having proven it’s a developmental rather than innate trait, Johnson ended the experiment as suddenly as it had begun.
His only defence was that Johnson’s later work helped countless stutterers who came under his care.
There was a lasting legacy that has been overlooked though.
Despite many attempts to reverse the effects of the study, the kids who developed stutters couldn’t shake them.
So not only did they not have parents to nurture and guide them, they had also been handicapped by a lifelong struggle with their speech!
All courtesy of Dr. Wendell Johnson.
“Although Johnson’s peers were horrified that he would experiment on orphan children to prove a hypothesis, his experiment was kept hidden for fear Johnson’s reputation would be tarnished in the wake of human experiments conducted by the Nazis during World War II.
The University of Iowa publicly apologised for the Monster Study in 2001.”